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Your growing season will depend on where you live in the UK and what the weathYour growing season will depend on where you live in the UK and what the weather is throwing at you. So, it's a good idea to not worry about sticking to specific growing times, just use them as a loose guide. The key is to give it a go, observe, and respond accordingly. If it doesn't work out, try again.

 

 
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VEGETABLES

aubergines, beetroot, borlotti beans, broad beans, brussel sprouts, cabbages (summer + autumn), calabrese, cauliflowers (summer), cardoons, celeriac, celery, chard & perpetual spinach, chillies + peppers, cucumbers & gherkins, french beans, globe artichokes, jerusalem artichokes, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuces, peas, pumpkins & squash, sprouting broccoli, sweet potatoes, tomatoes

FRUIT

melons

 

HERBS

amaranth, anise hyssop, basil, betony, bishop's flower, borage, calendula, caraway, catnip, chamomile, chervil, chives, common mallow, coriander, cowslip, dill, echinacea, evening primrose, fennel (green + bronze), french lilac, good king henry, hyssop (blue + white + pink), jacob's ladder, lavender, lemon balm, lemon bergamot, lesser calamint, linseed, lovage, marjoram, marshmallow, meadowsweet, milk thistle, mint, nasturtium, oregano, oxeye daisy, parsley, pennyroyal, primrose, purslane, rosemary, sage, thyme, valerian, white horehound, wormwood, yarrow

NATURAL DYE

black-eyed susan, dahlias, daylilies, dyer’s coreopsis,  dyer's greenweed, dyer's woodruff, fennel (green + bronze), golden rod, hibiscus (grown under cover), hollyhocks, indigo, larkspur, madder, marigold (french), meadowsweet, safflower, snapdragon, st john's wort, woad, yarrow, zinnias

 
 
 
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VEGETABLES

broad beans, calabrese, carrots, garlic, lettuces, onions, parsnips, peas, potatoes, radishes, rocket, shallots, sorrel, spinach, spring onions, turnips

FRUIT

✖︎

 

HERBS

betony, calendula, chervil, chives, common mallow, evening primrose, good king henry, linseed, lovage, meadowsweet, milk thistle, nasturtium, oxeye daisy, valerian 

NATURAL DYE

dyer's chamomile, peonies, woad

 
 
 
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VEGETABLES

asparagus, broad beans, cauliflower (summer), garlic, jerusalem artichokes, onion sets, peas, potatoes, rhubarb (crowns), shallots, spinach 

FRUIT (bare-root)

apples, blackberries, cranberries, currants (red + white + black), gooseberries, grape vines, pears, raspberries, strawberries

 

HERBS

betony, calendula, chervil, common mallow, evening primrose, good king henry, lovage, primrose  

NATURAL DYE

rhubarb (crowns)

 

 
 
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VEGETABLES

bay, brussels sprouts, cabbages (winter + spring), cauliflowers (winter), celeriac, chard & perpetual spinach, chicory, endive, jerusalem artichokes, kale, leeks, lettuces, parsnips, rhubarb, spinach, spring onions, sprouting broccoli

FRUIT

✖︎

HERBS

bay, betony, cowslip, primrose, sweet cicely

NATURAL DYE

rhubarb

 

 
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REMOVE

Remove all remaining plant debris from the vegetable plot. Do not compost any diseased material such as blight-infected potatoes, onions suffering from white rot and any crops with rust. Burn or bin the diseased material. Remove yellowing leaves from your winter brassicas as they are no use to the plant and may harbour pests and diseases.

CLEAN

To let in more light, the greenhouse roof can be washed down removing dirt and grime. It is also a good idea to empty and clean water-butts. Trays and pots can be cleaned ready for use. Another idea is for tools and equipment such as lawnmowers to be cleaned and serviced.

WARM UP THE SOIL

Cover soil with dark plastic sheeting, fleece or cloches to warm it up for a couple of weeks before you start to sow and plant.

PRUNE

You can  prune apple and pear trees while they are still dormant. It’s also time to prune gooseberries, currants and late/autumn fruiting raspberries down as low as possible and mulch around them.

CHECK

Ensure tree stakes and ties are firm and sound. Stake or earth up Brussels sprouts stalks that look leggy and vulnerable to wind rock. Pick the biggest sprouts from low down the stalks first.

START

Start chitting (sprouting) early potatoes – stand them on end in a module tray or egg box and place in a bright cool frost-free place.

PLAN

Plan a rotation system for vegetable plots to ensure the same crops are not grown in the same beds year after year to help prevent disease build-up.

 

 
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VEGETABLES

beetroot, borlotti beans, broad beans, brussels sprouts, cabbages (summer + autumn + winter), calabrese, cardoons, cauliflowers (winter), chard & perpetual spinach, chicory, chillies & peppers, courgettes, cucumbers & gherkins, endive, french beans, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuces, peas, pumpkins & squash, runner beans, sprouting broccoli, sweetcorn, sweet potatoes, tomatoes

FRUIT

melons

 

HERBS

amaranth, anise hyssop, basil, betony, bishop's flower, borage, calendula, caraway, catnip, chamomile, chervil, chives, common mallow, coriander, cowslip, dill, echinacea,  evening primrose, fennel (green + bronze), french lilac, good king henry, hyssop (blue + white + pink), jacob's ladder, lavender, lemon balm, lemon bergamot, lesser calamint, linseed, lovage, marjoram, marshmallow, meadowsweet, milk thistle, mint, nasturtium, oregano, oxeye daisy, parsley, pennyroyal, primrose, purslane, rosemary, sage, thyme, valerian, white horehound, wormwood, yarrow

NATURAL DYE

black-eyed susan, dahlias, daylilies, dyer’s coreopsis, dyer's greenweed, dyer's woodruff, fennel (green + bronze), golden rod, hibiscus (grown under cover), hollyhocks, indigo, larkspur, madder, marigold (french), meadowsweet, safflower, st john's wort, sunflower (hopi black dye), weld, woad, yarrow, zinnia

 
 
 
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VEGETABLES

beetroot, borlotti beans, broad beans, calabrese, carrots, chard & perpetual spinach, florence fennel, french beans, kohlrabi, lettuces, onions, parsnips, peas, potatoes, radishes, rocket, runner beans, salsify & scorzonera, sorrel, spinach, spring onions, oriental leaves, sprouting broccoli, swede, turnips

FRUIT

✖︎

 

HERBS

amaranth, anise hyssop, betony, borage, calendula, caraway, catnip, chamomile, chervil, chives, common mallow, coriander, dill, echinacea, evening primrose, fennel (green + bronze), french lilac, good king henry, hyssop (blue + white + pink), jacob's ladder, lemon balm, lesser calamint, linseed, lovage, marshmallow, meadowsweet, milk thistle, mint, nasturtium, oxeye daisy, parsley, purslane, sage, thyme, valerian, white horehound, yarrow

NATURAL DYE

black-eyed susan, cornflower, dahlias, daylilies, dyer's chamomile, fennel (green + bronze), peonies, safflower, woad, yarrow, zinnias

 
 
 
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VEGETABLES

asparagus, broad beans, calabrese, cauliflowers (summer), chard & perpetual spinach, kale, lettuces, tomatoes

FRUIT

cape gooseberries (transplant), cranberries, grape vines, strawberries

 

HERBS

amaranth, anise hyssop, basil, betony, borage, calendula, caraway, catnip, chamomile, chervil, chives, common mallow, coriander, cowslip, dill, evening primrose, fennel (green + bronze), french lilac, good king henry, hyssop (blue + white + pink), jacob's ladder, lemon balm, lemon bergamot, lesser calamint, linseed, lovage, marshmallow, milk thistle, nasturtium, oxeye daisy, parsley, pennyroyal, primrose, purslane, rosemary, sage, white horehound, wormwood, yarrow

NATURAL DYE PLANTS

dahlias, fennel (green + bronze), hydrangeas, safflower, snapdragon, sunflower (hopi black dye), yarrow, zinnias

 

 
 
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VEGETABLES

broad beans, brussel sprouts, cabbages (spring), cauliflowers (winter), chard & perpetual spinach, leeks, lettuces, radishes, rocket, rhubarb, spinach, spring onions, sprouting broccoli

FRUIT

✖︎

HERBS

angelica, bay, betony, calendula, chervil, common mallow, cowslip, evening primrose, good king henry, lovage, primrose, sage, sweet cicely, vervain, vipers bugloss  

NATURAL DYE

grape hyacinth, rhubarb

 

 
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WEEDING

Getting on top of weeds early in the season means that you should prevent them seeding and becoming a problem. Annual weeds can be hand-pulled, but always dig perennial weeds right out.

PROTECT

If a frost has been forecast, protect plants using horticultural fleece or cloches.

PESTS

Pests are on the move now with warmer weather. Keep an eye out and take action if you find any.

VENTILATE

Ventilate greenhouses in good weather to prevent a build-up of pests and diseases.

 

REPLENSH

Replenish the top couple of inches of compost and mulch on container plants, and give them a good organic liquid feed such as comfrey or seaweed. 

SEEDLINGS

Thin and pot on any seedlings. If seedlings are not thinned out the plants will not crop well.

PLANTS

Harden off indoor-raised plants and buy in plants if you have not raised your own.

 

 
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VEGETABLES

beetroot, borlotti beans, broad beans, cabbages (winter), calabrese, cauliflowers (winter), chard & perpetual spinach, chicory, chillies & peppers, courgettes, cucumbers & endive, gherkins, french beans, kale, lettuces, peas, pumpkins & squash, runner beans, sweetcorn

FRUIT

✖︎

 

HERBS

amaranth, anise hyssop, basil, bishop's flower, borage, calendula, caraway, catnip, chamomile, chives, common mallow, coriander, dill, echinacea,  evening primrose, fennel (green + bronze), french lilac, good king henry, hyssop (blue + white + pink), jacob's ladder, lavender, lemon balm, lemon bergamot, lesser calamint, linseed, lovage, marjoram, marshmallow, meadowsweet, mint, nasturtium, oregano, parsley, pennyroyal, purslane, rosemary, sage, thyme, white horehound, wormwood, yarrow

NATURAL DYE

black-eyed susan, daylilies, dyer’s coreopsis, dyer's greenweed, dyer's woodruff, fennel (green + bronze), golden rod, hibiscus (grown under cover), hollyhocks, indigo, larkspur, madder, meadowsweet,  st john's wort, st john's wort, sunflower (hopi black dye), weld, woad, yarrow

 
 
 
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VEGETABLES

beetroot, borlotti beans, calabrese, carrots, chard & perpetual spinach, chicory, endive, florence fennel, french beans, kohlrabi, lettuces, oriental leaves, parsnips, peas, radishes, rocket, runner beans, salad leaves, salsify & scorzonera, spinach, spring onions, sprouting broccoli, swede, sweetcorn, turnips

FRUIT

✖︎

 

HERBS

amaranth, anise hyssop, betony, bishop's flower, borage, calendula, caraway, catnip, chamomile, chervil, chives, common mallow, coriander, dill, echinacea,  evening primrose, fennel (green + bronze), french lilac, good king henry, hyssop (blue + white + pink), jacob's ladder, lavender, lemon balm, lemon bergamot, lesser calamint, linseed, lovage, marjoram, marshmallow,  meadowsweet, milk thistle, mint, nasturtium, oregano, parsley, pennyroyal, purslane, sage, thyme, valerian, white horehound, yarrow

NATURAL DYE

black-eyed susan, cornflower, dahlias, fennel (green + bronze), hollyhocks, marigold (french), meadowsweet, peonies, safflower, woad, yarrow, zinnias

 
 
 
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VEGETABLES

aubergines, beetroot, borlotti beans, broad beans, brussels sprouts, cabbages (summer, autumn), calabrese, cardoons, cauliflowers (summer), celeriac, celery, chard & perpetual spinach,  chillies & peppers, courgettes, cucumbers & gherkins, florence fennel, french beans, globe artichokes, kale, kohlrabi, lettuces, peas, potatoes, pumpkins & squash, runner beans, sprouting broccoli, sweetcorn, sweet potatoes, tomatoes

FRUIT

gooseberries, cranberries, strawberries

 

HERBS

amaranth, anise hyssop, basil, betony, bishop's flower, borage, calendula, caraway, catnip, chamomile, chervil, chives, common mallow, coriander, cowslip, dill, evening primrose, fennel (green + bronze), french lilac, good king henry, hyssop (blue + white + pink), jacob's ladder, lemon balm, lemon bergamot, lesser calamint, linseed, lovage, mint, marjoram, marshmallow, meadowsweet, milk thistle, nasturtium, oregano, parsley, pennyroyal, primrose, purslane, rosemary, sage, thyme, valerian, white horehound, wormwood, yarrow

NATURAL DYE

black-eyed susan, cornflower, dahlias, dyer’s chamomile, dyer’s coreopsis, dyer's greenweed, dyer's woodruff, fennel (green + bronze), golden rod, hollyhocks, hydrangeas, indigo, larkspur, madder, marigold (french), meadowsweet, peonies, safflower, snapdragon, st john's wort, sunflower (hopi black dye), weld, woad, yarrow, zinnias

 

 
 
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VEGETABLES

asparagus, broad beans, cabbage (spring), carrots, cauliflowers (winter), chard & perpetual spinach, french beans, garlic, globe artichokes, leeks, lettuces, onions, oriental leaves, peas, potatoes, radishes, rocket, spinach, spring onions, turnips

FRUIT

gooseberries, strawberries

HERBS

amaranth, angelica, anise hyssop, basil, bay, betony, borage, calendula, caraway, catnip, chamomile, chervil, chives, common mallow, coriander, cowslip, dill, evening primrose, fennel (green + bronze), french lilac, good king henry, jacob's ladder, lemon balm, lemon bergamot, lesser calamint, linseed, lovage, milk thistle, mint, nasturtium, oregano, oxeye daisy, parsley, pennyroyal, primrose, purslane, rosemary, sage, sweet cicely, vervain, vipers bugloss, white horehound, wormwood, yarrow

NATURAL DYE

fennel (green + bronze), grape hyacinth, indigo (before the flower open), rhubarb, yarrow

 

 
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WATERING

Watering takes on a new priority, especially for newly emerging seedlings and transplanted crops. Develop the habit of watering first thing in the morning, and if there happens to be a heatwave, give your plants a drink in the evening too. Make sure you keep the stream of water directed at the root zone. 

MULCH

Mulch is water's best friend. It helps regulate soil temperature, keeps in moisture, suppress weeds and as mulch breaks down it provides valuable food to your patch. 

DIGGING

If the soil is workable, dig in a 5cm (or more) layer of compost, well-rotted manure or green waste into your beds to prepare for the growing season ahead.

WEEDING

Stay on top of weeding. 

CHECK

Fork over soil once you have dug and double check that old crops have been removed.

PESTS

Apply slug controls such as frogs, nematodes or beer traps to protect seedlings. Keep mice out of seed trays by placing humane traps nearby.
Nets will help exclude birds from seed beds, however, small birds may get inside the netting and get caught. Try a few alternative methods such as scarecrows, flash tape or CDs on a stick. Another alternative is to just plant enough for everyone.